Child obesity is one of many challenges we are facing in the twenty-first century as a global phenomenon. It is observed that it is increasing dramatically in countries with low – moderate income. In 2013 it was estimated that approximately 42 million children are overweight and obese worldwide, of which 31 million live in developing countries.
The reasons behind child obesity are varied. Amongst the most important are heredity, lack of physical inactivity, poor diet, and in some cases, the combination of them. Obese and overweight children usually maintain overweight in adolescence, thus, becoming vulnerable to heart diseases or diabetes from a very early age.
Childhood obesity can be reversed with proper care and attention from family. It is family obligation to protect its children from any danger. Today, obesity is classified as a risk leading to a health danger.
Childhood obesity is enhanced when:
-Most mothers don’t breastfeed.
-Children’s fun games are limited to video games.
-With all this over protecting, children are not walking anymore, not even to their nearby schools.
-Families nowadays are limited to 1-2 children which are spoiled and nurtured with unhealthy lifestyles.
-In some countries it is observed a lack of encouragement to physical activity in schools, no parks, no side bike roads and limited local swimming pools with free access. All can lead to increased childhood obesity.
To check your child’s weight scale please see below, you will find special tables showing the development of the child in relation to its weight. These tables are for girls and boys aged 2-20 years. The horizontal line shows the age and vertical BMI (Body Mass Index). The colored areas in the diagram are numbered with a percentage indicating the weight-age matching. When the percentage is between 85-95, then the child is overweight, and over 95 is considered obese.
In some countries, drastic measures have been taken to address child obesity interventions through the family, school, society and the environment. All studies show that the major problem of the modern world can be worked out through education and prevention. A methodical effort around the promotion of healthy diets and physical activity is a sure method to bring results. Let us all begin from home and from the first day a child is born.